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THE KENNEDY MEN TIMELINE


1. A TRUE MAN

September 6, 1888: Birth of Joseph P. Kennedy in East Boston

September 1901: Joseph P. Kennedy enters seventh grade at Boston Latin School

June 1908: Graduation of Joseph P. Kennedy from Boston Latin School a year late

2. GENTLEMEN AND CADS

June 1908: Joseph P. Kennedy enters Harvard College

June 1911: Joseph P. Kennedy wins his Harvard baseball letter in a most unusual fashion

June 1912: Graduation of Joseph P. Kennedy from Harvard College:

3. MANLY PURSUITS

October 7, 1914: Joseph P. Kennedy marries the Mayor's daughter, Rose Fitzgerald

July 25, 1914: Birth of Joseph Patrick Kennedy Jr

May 29, 1917: Birth of John F. Kennedy

October 1917: Joseph P. Kennedy avoids service in World War I by wangling a position as an assistant manager of the Bethlehem Steel Fore River Shipyard: October 1917

September 13, 1918: Birth of Rosemary Kennedy, the first Kennedy daughter

July 1919: Joseph P. Kennedy joins the brokerage firm of Hayden, Stone and Company

January 1920: Rose Kennedy leaves her husband for a few weeks returning to her parents' home

February 20, 1920: Birth of Kathleen Kennedy, the second Kennedy daughter

1920: Joseph P. Kennedy establishes contact with leading bootleggers and begins the illegal importation of liquor

4. "TWO YOUNG 'MICKS' WHO NEED DISCIPLINE"

July 10, 1921: Birth of Eunice Kennedy

May 6, 1924: Birth of Patricia Kennedy

November 20, 1925: Birth of Robert Francis Kennedy

1926 Joe Jr. and Jack Kennedy attend the exclusive Noble and Greenough School and later the Dexter School with the children of the Protestant elite

1927: Joseph P. Kennedy becomes a Hollywood mogul with his purchase of a controlling interest in FBO, a film company, and is celebrated as "the screen's leading family man"

Early 1926: Joseph P. Kennedy sets up the first of a series of trust funds to institutionalize the family wealth

5. Moving On

September 1927: The Kennedys move from Boston to the suburbs of New York City

January 1928: Joseph P. Kennedy begins an affair with the actress Gloria Swanson in Palm Beach, Florida

February 20, 1928: Birth of Jean Ann Kennedy

September 1929: Joe Kennedy Jr. enters Choate Academy in Wallington, Connecticut

September 1930: Jack Kennedy enters Canterbury Prep School in New Milford, Connecticut where he suffers various illnesses

6. "Most Likely to Succeed"

September 1931: Fourteen-year-old Jack Kennedy joins his brother at Choate

February 22, 1932: Birth of Edward Moore Kennedy after Rose Kennedy's exhaustive labor

June 1933: Joe Kennedy Jr. graduates from Choate, winning the Choate Prize as the student who best combined scholarship and athletics

September 1933: Joe Kennedy Jr. begins an academic year of study at the London School of Economics and Political Science

June 1934: The "completely irresponsible speculator" Joseph P. Kennedy is named the first chairman of the new Securities and Exchange Commission where he reforms securities law

Summer 1934: Young John F. Kennedy spends harrowing weeks at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota where doctors search unsuccessfully to discover the source of his chronic illness

September 1934: Joe Kennedy Jr. enters Harvard College as a freshman

June 1935: John F. Kennedy graduates from the Choate School


7.The Harvard Game

Spring 1935: Joe Kennedy Jr. breaks his arm playing spring football

October 1935: After withdrawing from the London School of Economics because of ill health, John F. Kennedy enters Princeton University

January 1936: John F. Kennedy begins the new year in familiar circumstances: a hospital bed at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston after withdrawing from Princeton University

April 1937: President Franklin Roosevelt names Joseph P. Kennedy chairman of the United States Maritime Commission.

8. Mr. Ambassador

March 1, 1938: Joseph P. Kennedy arrives in London as the ambassador to the Court of St. James.

June 1938: Joe Kennedy Jr. graduates from Harvard College

February 1939: John F. Kennedy receives a leave of absence from Harvard to spend his spring semester in Europe.

March 1939: Joe Kennedy Jr. is the lone American in Madrid for the fall of Loyalist
Spain.

9. "It's the End of the World, the End of Everything"

October 1939: Robert Kennedy enters eighth grade at Portsmouth Priory, a Catholic boarding school

September 1, 1939: Nazi Germany invades Poland and World War II begins

June 1940: Twenty-three-year old John F. Kennedy graduates cum laude from Harvard College

August 1940: John F. Kennedy's senior thesis is published as Why England Slept

October 29, 1940: Joseph P. Kennedy gives a stirring radio address in support of the reelection of President Franklin D. Roosevelt for a third term, telling the nationwide audience "I have a great stake in this country. My wife and I have given nine hostages to fortune."

November 9, 1940: Joseph P. Kennedy gives an interview to the Boston Globe in which he says that "democracy is all finished in England" and "it May be here." His intemperate remarks lead to his resignation as ambassador to London and the destruction of his political future

10. Child of Fortune, Child of Fate

September 1940: John F. Kennedy enters Stanford University as a nondegree graduate student.

May 1941: Edward Kennedy joins his big brother Robert at Portsmouth Priory, a Catholic school run by the Benedictines.

1941: After a failed lobotomy, Rosemary Kennedy is institutionalized for the rest of her life

July 15, 1941: Seaman Second Class Joe Kennedy, Jr. begins naval air training at the naval air station at Squantum, Massachusetts.

October 8, 1941:Twenty-four year old John F. Kennedy is sworn in as a Navy Ensign:

November 1941: In Washington serving in Naval intelligence, John F. Kennedy begins an affair with Inga Arvad, a married Danish woman.

December 7, 1941: The Japanese sneak attack at Pearl Harbor signals America's entrance into World War II

January 1942: Inga Arvad is falsely accused of being a German spy, and Jack Kennedy risks having his military and political career destroyed. He is transferred to Charleston, South Carolina.

May 5, 1942: With his father looking on, Joe Kennedy Jr. wins his naval wings and commission as an ensign.

July 1942: John F. Kennedy begins officer training at Northwestern University in Illinois.

January 1943: John F. Kennedy graduates from Melville Motor Torpedo Boat School in Rhode Island as a Pt skipper

11.A Brother's War

August 2, 1943: While commanding PT-109 in Blackett Strait, North Solomon Islands in the Pacific, John F. Kennedy's boat is cut in two by a Japanese destroyer. The young lieutenant wins the Navy and Marine Corps Medal in helping to rescue his crew
September 1943: Joe Kennedy Jr. arrives in England to pilot VB-110s seeking out Nazi submarines
October 5, 1943: Seventeen-year-old Robert Kennedy enlists as a Seaman Apprentice in the US Naval Reserve in Boston

March 1, 1944: Eighteen-year-old Robert Kennedy reports to active duty at Harvard University's Navy V-12 Program

May 27, 1944: Robert Kennedy graduates early from Milton Academy

May 31, 1944: Due to his back injuries Lieutenant John F. Kennedy enters the U.S. Naval Hospital in Chelsea, Massachusetts

June 17, 1944: John Hersey's article "Survival" about John F. Kennedy and PT-109 runs in The New Yorker Magazine.

August 12, 1944: Lieutenant Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. dies a hero in an exploding plane over Great Britain and posthumously is awarded the Naval Cross

12. A New Generation Offers a Leader

September 10, 1944: Kathleen Kennedy's British husband Captain William Hartington is killed in action in Heppen, Belgium

November 6, 1944: Robert Kennedy enters Harvard College as a freshman

March 1, 1945: A sickly John F. Kennedy is placed on the retired list of the U.S. Naval Reserve

April-May 1945: John F. Kennedy covers the San Francisco conference drawing up a charter for the UN as a journalist

May 1945: The Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation is established

July 1945: John F. Kennedy covers the British parliamentary elections for Hearst

November 1945: Joseph P. Kennedy purchases the Merchandise Mart, then the world's largest office building

February 1, 1946: Robert F. Kennedy begins duty aboard the U.S.S. Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., named after his deceased brother

April 26, 1946: John F. Kennedy announces his candidacy for the Democratic Congressional nomination from Massachusetts's Eleventh District.

June 18, 1946: John F. Kennedy overwhelmingly wins the Democratic nomination to Congress from the 11th district, tantamount to election in the heavily Democratic Boston district

Nov. 5, 1946: Twenty-nine-year-old John F. Kennedy is elected as a U.S. representative for the 11th Congressional District in Boston

13. A Kind of Peace

September 1946: Robert Kennedy returns to Harvard to reenter college.

January 3, 1947: Twenty-nine-year old John F. Kennedy is sworn in as U.S. representative from the Eleventh Congressional District of Massachusetts

September 1947: Robert Kennedy catches a pass for a touchdown in Harvard's 52-0 victory against Western Maryland.

October 1947: John F. Kennedy becomes sick on a Congressional junket in London and is diagnosed as having Addison's disease.

May 13, 1948: Kathleen Kennedy Hartington and her lover, Lord Peter Fitzwilliam and their pilot die in a plane crash in the mountains of southern France.

June 10, 1948: Robert F. Kennedy graduates from Harvard College.

September 16, 1948: Robert F. Kennedy enters the University of Virginia Law School.

November 2, 1948: Rep. John F. Kennedy is massively reelected to Congress.

14. The Grease of Politics

June 17, 1950: Robert F. Kennedy, 24, marries Ethel Skakel, 22, at St Mary's Church in Greenwich Connecticut.

September 1950: Eighteen-year-old Edward M. Kennedy enters Harvard College as a freshman.
November 7, 1950: Rep. John F. Kennedy is reelected for the second time as Congressman from the Eleventh District of Massachusetts.

January 1951: Rep. John F. Kennedy goes on a month-long study tour of Europe including visits to France, Italy, Yugoslavia, Germany and Spain.

May 1951: Edward Kennedy is caught cheating on an exam and is forced to leave Harvard College.

June 11, 1951: Robert F. Kennedy graduates from the University of Virginia Law School

June 15, 1951: Edward M. Kennedy enters the United States Army as an enlistee

July 4, 1951: Ethel Kennedy gives birth to Kathleen Hartington Kennedy, the first Kennedy of the next generation.

October 2, 1951: Rep. John F. Kennedy sets off an a six week tour of Europe and Asia, accompanied by Robert and Pat Kennedy taking him to countries including France, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, India, Vietnam and Japan

February 1952: Robert F. Kennedy begins work as a special assistant to the attorney general in the Criminal Division at the Department of Justice in Brooklyn, New York

April 24, 1952: Rep. John F. Kennedy announces that he is a candidate for the United States Senate from Massachusetts challenging the popular incumbent Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr

June 1952: Robert Kennedy takes over as his brother's campaign manager from a disillusioned Mark Dalton

June 1952: Private first-class Edward Kennedy serves in the military police at the NATO headquarters outside Paris.

15. The Golden Fleece

November 4, 1952: Rep. John F. Kennedy decisively defeats Senator Henry Cabot Lodge with a 70,000-vote plurality.

January 3, 1953: Senator John F. Kennedy is sworn in as a United States Senator

May 1953: Senator John F. Kennedy gives an important series of speeches on the floor of the Senate about the economic development of New England

May 23, 1953: Eunice Kennedy, 31, marries her longtime beau Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr., 37, at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City

January 14, 1953: Robert Kennedy joins the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations-also known as the McCarthy Committee-as assistant counsel

June 24, 1953: John F. Kennedy becomes engaged to Jacqueline Bouvier

July 18, 1953: Assistant Counsel Robert Kennedy is largely responsible for the McCarthy committees report on Allied trade with Communist China

August 1953: John F. Kennedy takes his last trip as a bachelor to Southern France where he meets Guinilla Von Post, a beautiful young Swedish woman, with whom he becomes instantly infatuated

September 12, 1953: John F. Kennedy, 36, marries Jacqueline Bouvier, 24, at St. Mary's Church in Newport, Rhode Island in what is called the wedding of the year

October 1953: After resigning as assistant counsel on the McCarthy committee in July, Robert F. Kennedy goes to work for his father on the second Hoover Commission, officially called the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government

January 17, 1954: Robert Francis Kennedy, Jr. is born to Ethel and Robert Kennedy, their third child

February 1954: Robert F. Kennedy returns to the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations this time as minority counsel on the Democratic side

16. Aristocratic Instincts

April 6, 1954: Senator John F. Kennedy gives his most important speech in the Senate, a controversial address saying that Vietnam will fall to the Communists as long as France seeks to maintain its colonial hold over Indochina.

April 24, 1954: Patricia Kennedy, 19, weds actor Peter Lawford, 30, at the Church of St. Thomas More in New York City.

April 28, 1954: Eunice Kennedy Shriver gives birth to Robert Sargent Shriver III.

October 21, 1954: Senator John F. Kennedy has a major spinal operation at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, almost dying in the aftermath.

December 2, 1954: Senator John F. Kennedy is absent as the Senate votes 67 to 22 to censure Senator Joseph P. McCarthy for abuses

December 21, 1954: Senator John F. Kennedy is taken by stretcher to a special plane to be flown from the Hospital for Special Surgery to the Kennedy home in Palm Beach, Florida

February 11, 1955: John F. Kennedy undergoes a second back operation during which he almost dies. During his recovery, he writes Profiles in Courage, which wins a Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1957.

March 29, 1955: Birth of Christopher Kennedy Lawford

June 15, 1955: Birth of David Anthony Kennedy to Ethel and Robert Kennedy

July 27, 1955: Robert F. Kennedy begins a tour of the Asian regions of the Soviet Union

August 1955: John F. Kennedy and his friend Rep. Torbert Macdonald sail to Europe where the Massachusetts Senator has a weeklong affair with Guinilla Von Post in Sweden before meeting his wife in Southern France

November 6, 1955: Birth of Maria Ownings Shriver

March 1956: Senator John F. Kennedy is named one of eight members of a bipartisan committee headed by Senator John L. McClellan to investigate illegal campaign contributions

May 19, 1956: Jean Ann Kennedy, 28, marries Stephan Edward Smith, 28, at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.

17. The Pursuit of Power

August 17, 1956: Senator John F. Kennedy comes close to winning the Democratic Vice Presidential nomination, but leaves the Chicago convention the emerging young star of his party

August 20, 1956: After the Chicago convention, Senator John F. Kennedy flies to Southern France where he joins his brother Edward and a bevy of young woman on a yacht for a cruise on the Mediterranean.

August 23, 1956: Jacqueline Kennedy gives birth prematurely. The daughter is a stillborn, the tragedy deepened because her husband is not there, leaving Robert Kennedy to succor the distraught Jacqueline

August 25, 1956: Birth of Sydney Maleia Lawford

September 9, 1956: The birth of Mary Courtney Kennedy, Ethel and Robert Kennedy's second daughter and fifth child.

September 14, 1956: After serving two years in the army, Edward M. Kennedy enters the University of Virginia Law School.

February 1957: The Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field, also known as the "Rackets Committee" begins hearings with John F. Kennedy as a Democratic member and Robert F. Kennedy as chief counsel

June 28, 1957: Birth of Stephen Edward Smith Jr

July 2, 1957: Senator John F. Kennedy gives an important speech calling for negotiations leading to the independence of Algeria from France

October 27, 1957: Edward M. Kennedy gives a speech at the dedication of the Kennedy Gymnasium at Manhattanville College in memory of his sister Kathleen. Afterwards he meets a beautiful student at the college, Joan Kennedy

18. The Rites of Ambition

November 27, 1957: Birth of Caroline Bouvier Kennedy to Jacqueline and John F. Kennedy

January 1958: The Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation decides to focus on mental retardation, an decision that allows the foundation to have a major impact

February 27, 1958: Birth of Michael Le Moyne Kennedy to Ethel and Robert Kennedy

November 4, 1958: Senator John F. Kennedy wins reelection by almost three quarter million votes, the biggest victory margin in Massachusetts history.

November 4, 1958: Birth of Victoria Frances Lawford.

November 29, 1958: Marriage of Edward Kennedy to Virginia Joan Bennett:

August 29, 1959: Birth of Timothy Perry Shriver

September 8, 1959: Birth of Mary Kerry Kennedy to Ethel and Robert Kennedy, their third daughter and seventh child

19."A Sin Against God"

January 2, 1960: In Washington John F. Kennedy announces his candidacy for president of the United States

April 5, 1960: John F. Kennedy wins the Wisconsin Democratic primary with 56.5 percent of the vote

May 11, 1960: John F. Kennedy wins the West Virginia primary, defeating Senator Hubert Humphrey 60.8 percent of the vote to 39.2 percent

20. A Patriot's Song

July 13, 1960: At the Democratic Convention in Los Angeles, John F. Kennedy receives the Democratic nomination for president

September 4, 1960: Birth of William Kennedy Smith

September 12, 1960: John F. Kennedy faces the issues of his Catholic faith before the Greater Houston Ministerial Association in Houston, Texas

September 26, 1960: In Chicago John F. Kennedy faces Vice President Richard M. Nixon in the first of four nationally televised debates

October 26, 1960: John F. Kennedy makes an important phone call to Coretta Scott King telling her that he will do all he can to help win the release of her husband, the civil rights leader Martin Luther King, from prison

November 8,1960: In the closest popular vote in American history, Senator Kennedy defeats Richard M. Nixon to become the 35th president of the United States. Kennedy with 49.75 percent of the votes. Nixon receives 49.55 percent

November 25, 1960: Birth of John F. Kennedy Jr:

21. The Torch Has Been Passed

January 20, 1961: Forty-three year old John F. Kennedy is sworn in on a frigid winter day as the 35th president of the United States. He is the youngest elected president and the first president to be Roman Catholic. His brother, Robert F. Kennedy, will be his attorney general. In his inaugural speech, Kennedy gives the most memorable of all inaugural addresses: "And so, my fellow Americans ... ask not what your country can do for you ... ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world ... ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."

January 22, 1961: At the first Special Group meeting on Cuba, CIA Director Allen Dulles tells a number of Kennedy men including Attorney General Robert Kennedy that when Cuban exiles stage an invasion of Castro Cuba, they will have to wait for "a general uprising against the Castro regime or overt military intervention by United States forces"

February 1961: Top covert CIA official Richard Bissell calls into his office another CIA officer, William Harvey, to discuss "executive action capability," bureaucratic language for assassination.
March 1, 1961: In signing executive order 10925 creating the Peace Corps, the new President creates one of the defining institutions of his administration

22. The Road to Girón Beach
March 11, 1961: President John F. Kennedy is presented with detailed plans for a daytime amphibious invasion of Cuba staged by Cuban exiles. The president calls for a more modest plan

March 15, 1961: The CIA presents President Kennedy with a new plan for a scaled down invasion at the Bay of Pigs.

April 17, 1961: The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba by exiles backed by the US government is a tragic failure for which the new President assumes the blame

23. A Cold Winter

May 1961: President Kennedy makes his first state visit to Canada

June 3-4, 1961:President Kennedy's summit conference with Nikita Khrushchev in Vienna is such a failure that the American leader leaves warning the Soviet dictator that they face a "cold winter"

July 2, 1961: Birth of Robin Elizabeth Lawford

July 25, 1961: President Kennedy goes on national television to talk about the crisis in Berlin

August 13, 1961: The Berlin wall is erected, closing off East Germany from West Berlin

24. Bobby's Game

May 6, 1961: In the commencement address at the University of Georgia Law School, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy says that racial discrimination is a problem through out the United States, not simply in the South

May 1961: The new administration faces its first civil rights confrontation, as Freedom Riders attempting to integrate interstate bus transportation are attacked. In Montgomery, Alabama a white mob surrounds a church filled with black activists and their supporters, backing off only after the arrival of state police officials

December 1961: Robert F. Kennedy is the primary backer and enthusiast for Operation Mongoose, a massive multi-agency plan to sabotage and undermine Castro's Cuba run by Brigadier General Edward G. Lansdale

25. Lives in Full Summer

Summer 1961: Edward M. Kennedy begins an unannounced campaign for the US Senate

September 26, 1961: Birth of Edward Moore Kennedy Jr.

November 25, 1961: In an interview with Aleksei Adzhubei, editor of the leading Soviet newspaper Izvestia and son-in-law of Premier Nikita Khrushchev, President Kennedy compares Castro's Cuba to the Soviet Unions difficulties with their Hungarian satellite
December 19, 1961: Joseph P. Kennedy suffers a paralyzing stroke on the golf links in Palm Beach, Florida

March 14, 1962: Assistant district attorney for Suffolk County Edward M. Kennedy resigns and announces his candidacy for the U.S. Senate from Massachusetts

26. Roads of Good and Evil

February 27, 1962: FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover sends memos to Kennedy aide Kenneth O'Donnell and Robert Kennedy alerting them to the fact that President Kennedy had a relationship of unknown kind with Judith Campbell (Exner), a woman also frequenting mob circles

May 1962: Robert Kennedy officially learns of the Mafia plots to kill Castro

May 19, 1962: Marilyn Monroe sings a sensuous version of "Happy Birthday" to President Kennedy at a massive birthday celebration at New York's Madison Square Garden. Earlier in the spring the president had spent a night with the actress in Palm Springs, California

August 5, 1962: Marilyn Monroe is discovered dead in her Los Angeles home, her body full of Nembutal

September 30, 1962: Two men die, 160 federal marshals are wounded, and 23,000 federal troops are required before James Meredith can register as the first black student at the University of Mississippi

27. "A Hell of a Burden to Carry"

Late summer 1962: The Soviets begin to move a massive influx of new weapons to Cuba that is to include twenty-four R-12 nuclear ballistic missiles, sixteen R-14 missiles, and eighty nuclear cruise missiles, allowing them to target most American cities.

October 14, 1962: Major Richard Heyser of the U.S. Air Force flies a U-2 mission over Cuba, taking photographs that show three medium-range missile sites and eight missile transporters

October 16, 1962: President Kennedy learns of the photographic evidence in bed reading the morning papers. He calls his brother Robert and says "We have some big trouble. I want you over here"

October 18, 1962: At the Ex-Comm meetings of top administration officials, most of the top aides call for immediate action against the Soviet perfidy. Kennedy suggests the possibility of agreeing to take out missiles in Turkey in exchange for the Russians taking their missiles home

October 19, 1962: The Ex-Comm officials divide into two groups, those favoring a blockade and those proposing an air strike.

28. "The Knots of War"

October 20, 1962: After listening to the various proposals, President Kennedy calls for a blockade against Cuba

October 22, 1962: After briefing Congressional leaders, President Kennedy gives a dramatic address to the American people telling them that they May face war.

October 23, 1962: Attorney General Kennedy makes one of several visits to Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin to appraise him of the utter seriousness of the crisis.

October 24, 1962: In the South Atlantic as two Russian ships, the Gagarin and the Kimovsk, draw near the imaginary line that the Americans have drawn five hundred miles from Cuba, they turn back, and the President and his aides breathe a sigh of momentary relief

October 26, 1962: Chairman Khrushchev sends a passionate, rambling letter to President Kennedy saying that if Kennedy gives assurances "that the USA itself would not participate in an attack on Cuba and would restrain t others from actions of this sort", Khrushchev would "not transport armaments of any kind to Cuba' during negotiations.

October 27, 1962: President Kennedy receives a second, more formal letter from Khrushchev saying that the United States must also remove its Jupiter missiles from Turkey

October 27, 1962: President Kennedy learns that a U-2 pilot has been shot down over Cuba, escalating the crisis ever further.

October 27, 1962: Attorney General Kennedy meets with Ambassador Dobrynin informing him that the United States will remove the Jupiter missiles after the crisis is over and in secret.

October 28, 1962: Khrushchev agrees to the secret American proposal and the immediate crisis is over

Early November 1962: The Kennedy administration backs away from a firm no-invasion pledge, a signal that the massive covert actions against the Cuban government are to begin again

29. The Bells of Liberty

November 6, 1962: Edward M. Kennedy is elected to the U.S. Senate, decisively defeating George C. Lodge.

December 23, 1962: Fidel Castro begins the release of the prisoners captured during the Bay of Pigs invasion after receiving $50 million wroth of drugs and medicines, and $3 million in cash.

Spring 1963: Robert Kennedy is the architect and champion of a private guerrilla army of Cuban exiles, financed by the CIA and trained in Central America. In June the president approves the CIA's dramatically increased covert actions starting "in the dark-of-the-moon period in July"

June 10, 1963: At commencement exercises at American University, President Kennedy calls for a moratorium on most nuclear weapons testing

June 26, 1963: President Kennedy gives an historic address in West Berlin saying "Ich bin ein Berliner"("I am an Berliner")

June 27-28: President Kennedy's visit to Ireland is one of the happiest times of his life.

30. The Adrenaline of Action

June 11, 1963: President Kennedy gives a nationally televised address on civil rights in which he says, "we face a moral crisis as a country and as a people."

July 4, 1963: Birth of Christopher George Kennedy to Ethel and Robert Kennedy

August 7, 1963: Birth of Patrick Bouvier Kennedy to Jackie and John F. Kennedy

August 9, 1963: Death of Patrick Bouvier Kennedy

August 28, 1963: A quarter million Americans assemble at the Lincoln Memorial to hear Martin Luther King give one of the great addresses in American history. Afterwards, the president met with King and the other civil rights leaders

31. To Live is to Choose

October 1963: President Kennedy's ambivalence over the Vietnam issue is clear in signing National Security Action Memorandum no. 263, agreeing to "plans to withdraw 1,000 U.S. military personnel by the end of 1963" while escalating the training of the South Vietnamese military.

November 2, 1963: President Ngo Din Diem of South Vietnam is assassinated in Saigon.

November 21, 1963: President and Mrs. Kennedy fly to San Antonio and from there to Houston, at the beginning of an important political and fund raising visit to Texas.

November 22, 1963: President Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas as 12:30 PM.

32. Requiem for a President

November 23, 1963: In looking for his brother's assassins, Robert Kennedy's first instinct is to seek out the CIA and then Cuban exile leaders.

November 25, 1963: President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery, and his widow ignites an eternal flame.